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Acknowledgements & Determinations
Transfer of this material to the web never would have been contemplated were it not for the relentless determination of Dr. Cecile Lumer (founder of the Cochise County Herbarium) and Dr. Paul Opler (Loveland, CO.), whose combined efforts have finally pushed this (card-carrying) Luddite onto the Internet! My 27-year card file of phenological and life history observations were expertly converted into spreadsheets by my wife, Dienie McFarland. They were then transfered to the Web with prodigious help and support from The Computing for Science & Education Institute, a non-profit educational organization located in Bisbee, AZ.
Ron H. Leuschner ("RHL" in the "Det. by" field) provided by far the majority of these identifications or determinations (during the 1980's-90's), directly from his extensive private collection of the North American moth fauna (particularly rich in southwestern spp.). He has visited our Ash Canyon home on many occasions since 1980, each time working his way through yet another segment of my collection, and providing whatever additional names he was able to apply at the time, based on his decades of study and collecting. Ron also has an intimate knowledge of the Los Angeles County Museum's extensive moth collection, where he is a frequent visitor. And, some of my more "difficult" species have also been transported (by RHL) to the Smithsonian Institution (Wash., D.C.), for further comparisons with their vast holdings, or for commentary by certain Lepidopterists on their staff, such as the late Douglas C. Ferguson ("FRG"), for example. Frederick H. Rindge (Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., N.Y. now retired) has also provided valuable assistance with geometrid determinations, ever since the mid 1950's.... More recently, Clifford D. Ferris ("CDF") of Wyoming has been of immense help in sorting out the difficult geometrid genus, Eupithecia ("pugs"), of which there are at least XXXX species present on this 5-acre parcel! He has also been able to name a number of other "puzzlers", amongst the more difficult geometrids and small noctuids occurring here, and he continues to provide illuminating feedback from his extensive private collection and library. His contacts with various eastern specialists have further enhanced this undertaking. Ed Knudson (Houston, TX) and Ron Robertson (Santa Rosa, CA.) have also provided a number of valuable identifications over the years. TO ALL OF THESE INDIVIDUALS --- MY DEEPEST GRATITUDE!
Five Acres of Moths
A long-term study documenting the occurrence of more than 900 macro-moth species on 5 acres in lower ASH CANYON (oak/manzanita woodland and grassland ecotone, at 5170 ft. elevation, 13 mi. S. of Sierra Vista).
What to Expect at this Site
SOME POSSIBLE (perhaps valid?) REASONS for visiting this "Backyard" website
About the Backyard Concept
Motivations: Why Publish This Material?
Summarizing How These Projects Evolved
What is Being Collected?
About the Photographs
Bias in Photo Representation
Taxonomy & Classification (the names)
About Moth Families & Subfamilies
Some Thoughts About Moth Surveys
Abundance Ratings Defined (8 Categories)
About the Flight Periods
Interpretation of the Flight-Phenograms
Miscellaneous Comments on Black Lights
Peculiarities of Moth Activity
Prime Time = Full-Moon-Plus-Ten
How To Obtain Perfect (Moth) Specimens
To Kill Or Not To Kill??
Beating or Sweeping for Larvae
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS & DETERMINATIONS
GLOSSARY & ABBREVIATIONS + SYMBOLS USED
Miscellaneous Tidbits Dept.
SUPERFAMILIES AND SUBFAMILIES
A FEW GENERIC SYNONYMS
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